download music theory trainer app for iPad iPhone iPod on the apple app store

You already know the musical note names on a piano keyboard, this lesson teaches you how to read and write music.

The Staff

The staff is a set of 5 horizontal lines and 4 spaces upon which the musical notes and symbols are placed. There are line notes and space notes. Each note on the staff represents a different pitch. The higher the note on the staff, the higher the pitch and the frequency.

5 horizontal lines musical staff

Treble Clef (or G-clef)

treble clef on a musical staff

The treble clef (or G-clef) is the first musical symbol on the treble staff. Musical notes written on the treble staff are notes above the middle C. middle C is the 4th C note on a modern 88-key piano keyboard. It is the C that is closest to the middle of the piano keyboard.

Middle C on a 49-key / 61-key / 76-key piano keyboards

middle c on a 88-key modern piano keyboard

notes above the middle C

Treble Staff Space Notes

F – A – C – E are space notes on treble staff.

space notes above the middle c on treble staff

Treble Staff Line Notes

E – G – B – D – F are line notes on treble staff.

line notes above the middle c on treble staff

Bass Clef (or F-clef)

bass clef on a musical staff

The bass clef (or F-clef) is the first musical symbol on the bass staff. Musical notes written on the bass staff are notes below the middle C.

modern piano keyboard and middle c

notes below the middle C

Bass Staff Space Notes

A – C – E – G are space notes on bass staff

space notes below middle c on bass staff

Bass Staff Line Notes

G – B – D – F – A are line notes on bass staff.

line notes below middle c on bass staff

 

Learn about our music theory apps

learn music theory app on the app store

 

Notes below the middle line have stems stick up (points upwards) on the right of the note. Notes on or above the middle line have stems trail down (points downwards) from the left of the note.

First second and fifth notes are below the middle line. They have stems stick up (points upwards) on the right of the note. Third and fourth notes are on and above the middle line. They have stems trail down (points downwards) from the left of the note.

(whole note has no stem. A whole note is the type of note that has the longest note duration. Note duration is the timing of how long to hold the note. Other note types are half note, quarter note, eighth note and sixteenth note.)

The Grand Staff

The grand staff is made up of the treble staff and the bass staff. The top staff is the treble staff with the treble clef. The bottom staff is the bass staff with the bass clef. The treble and the bass clef staff are connected by a brace.

On the grand staff, the middle C note is placed between the two clefs. The middle C is written on a ledger line below the treble staff and above the bass staff. A ledger line is a shortened staff line used to write musical notes that are too high or too low to be on the staff.

middle c on a musical grand staff

Here is an overview of the staff notes and their positions on the keyboard.

an overview of the staff notes and their positions on the keyboard

Continue to Sharps and Flats – Steps and Accidentals to learn about the musical note names of the black keys and know how to recognize them on the staff.

Sharps and Flats – Steps and Accidentals

 

Music Theory Trainer

Music Theory Trainer App on the App Store

http://piano-music-theory.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/staff.pnghttp://piano-music-theory.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/staff-150x150.pngpiano-music-theoryMusic Theory BasicsMusic Theory Lessonsbass clef,f-clef,g-clef,grand staff,ledger line,line notes,musical note,space notes,staff,treble clefYou already know the musical note names on a piano keyboard, this lesson teaches you how to read and write music. The Staff The staff is a set of 5 horizontal lines and 4 spaces upon which the musical notes and symbols are placed. There are line notes and space notes....Piano Music Theory Lessons for Beginners