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musical note names of the white keys are called the natural notes C D E F G A B

Natural Notes

The above piano keyboard show the musical note names of the white keys within one octave: C – D – E – F – G – A – B.  In music theory, these letters are called the natural notes on a piano keyboard.

Sharps and Flats

The black keys on a piano keyboard can referred to as either sharps or flats. Sharps and flats are also called accidentals.

accidentals are signs used to raise or lower notes by half steps.

Accidentals are symbols used to raise or lower notes by half steps. A half step is the distance between two adjacent keys on a piano keyboard.

Sharp ( ♯ ) is an accidental that raises a note by a half step.
Flat ( ♭ ) is an accidental that lowers a note by a half step.

Double Sharp is an accidental that raises a note by a whole step (two half steps).
Double Flat is an accidental that lowers a note by a whole step (two half steps).

A Natural (♮) is an accidental which cancels out any previous accidentals.

For more details, check out Sharps and Flats – Steps and Accidentals and learn the musical note names of the black keys.

 

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The Middle C Note

piano keyboard and middle c

There are twelve notes in each octave: 7 white keys and 5 black keys. Next octave starts at C again and repeats the note names: D – E – F – G – A – B.

A 88-key piano keyboard has slightly more than 7 octaves, with 3 notes in the 0 octave, and 1 note in the 8th octave.

88 keys piano keyboard

Let’s locate the middle C note on a 88-key piano keyboard.

 

The Middle C Note on a Piano Keyboard

The middle C is the 4th C note on a 88 key piano keyboard.

88 keys piano keyboard

The middle C is a musical note not exactly in the middle, but the closest C to the middle of the piano keyboard. Because the middle C is located in the 4th octave, it is sometimes referred to as C4.

Musical note sounds, pitches and their frequency.

Musical note sounds, pitches & their frequency

modern piano keyboard and middle c

 

Find the Middle C on a 49-key / 61-key / 76-key piano keyboards.

Now that you know where the middle C is on a piano keyboard, let’s get familiar with the staff & clefs and learn to how to read and write music.

middle c on a grand staff

Next Lesson:

The staff, clefs & the middle C

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Musical note name on a piano keyboardhttp://piano-music-theory.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/keyboard_middlec.pnghttp://piano-music-theory.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/keyboard_middlec-150x150.pngpiano-music-theoryMusic Theory BasicsMusic Theory Lessonsbeginning,c4,flats,keyboard,middle c,musical note names,natural notes,piano keyboard,sharpsNatural Notes The above piano keyboard show the musical note names of the white keys within one octave: C - D - E - F - G - A - B.  In music theory, these letters are called the natural notes on a piano keyboard. Sharps and Flats The black keys on...Piano Music Theory Lessons for Beginners