Piano key frequencies example

Any musical note that is one octave higher has twice the frequency.

For example, the middle C note (C4) has a frequency of 261.6, and C3 is one octave lower than C4. C3 has a frequency of 130.81 which is half the frequency of C4. C4 is a higher pitch, and has twice the frequency of C3.

C3 = C in the third octave
C4 = C in the fourth octave (also called the middle C)

musical note frequency