Category: Music Theory Basics

Sharps and Flats – Steps and Accidentals

Steps and Accidentals A half step is the distance between two adjacent keys on a piano keyboard. In music theory, the distance between two notes is called an interval. The half step is the smallest musical interval in music. (A half step is called a semitone in British English.) A whole step is the distance

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Rest Duration & The Different Rest Types

Rest Duration Rest duration is the timing of silence in a measure. It is the length of the pause in a piece of music. Different rest types are: whole rest, half rest, quarter rest, eighth rest, and sixteenth rest. Each rest type tells you to pause or stop playing for a different amount of time.

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Measures and Time Signature

Tempo Tempo is defined as the speed of a song. It is measured in beats per minute. A very fast temple has about 200 – 208 beats per minute. A moderate speed tempo has about 108-120 beats per minute. Very slow tempo has 40 – 60 beats per minute. Measures (Bars) In music theory, these

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Note Duration & The Different Note Types

Note Duration Note duration is defined as the length of time to hold the note. There are different note types to indicate the different note durations. Whole Note (Semibreve) A whole note (American English) or semibreve (British English) is a note type that has the longest note duration. Half Note (Minim) A half note (American

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The staff, clefs & the middle C

You already know the musical note names on a piano keyboard, this lesson teaches you how to read and write music. The Staff The musical staff is made up of 5 horizontal lines. Musical notes and symbols are written on the lines and in the spaces. Notes placed on line are called line notes. Space

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Musical note sounds, pitches & their frequency

Musical notes are sounds that travel as sound waves. How frequently one of the waves travels to your ear per second determines how high or low a sound is. The higher the frequency, the higher it sounds. So, what is the frequency of each musical note? A musical note that is one octave higher has

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Musical note name on a piano keyboard

Natural Notes The above piano keyboard show the musical note names of the white keys within one octave: C – D – E – F – G – A – B.  In music theory, these letters are called the natural notes on a piano keyboard. Sharps and Flats The black keys on a piano keyboard

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The piano keyboard

piano keyboard

This piano keyboard has 12 keys. It has 7 white keys and 5 black keys. The 12 keys are also called an octave. A modern piano keyboard typically has 88 keys (52 white keys and 36 black keys) and contains slightly more than 7 octaves. An organ keyboard has about 4, 5 octaves. Electronic organs

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