The Circle of Fifths Chart The circle of fifths is a chart that summarizes the relationship between major and minor scales and displays all the key signatures into one easy to understand diagram. The outside are the major keys in uppercase letters. Each major key is associated with a relative minor key in lowercase letters.
Category: Music Theory Basics
The clef is the first symbol on the staff. After the clef, there is the key signature. Key Signatures The key signatures are the sharps or flats found in a particular key of a music scale. For example, the key of G major scale [G – A – B – C – D – E –
There are three kinds of minor scales: Natural Minor, Harmonic Minor, and Melodic Minor scales. How to build a Natural Minor Scale? The natural minor scale has the following scale formula: W – H – W – W – H – W – W (A half step (H) is the distance between two adjacent keys
Here we will learn how to build major scales. Remember, a half step (H) is the distance between two adjacent keys on a piano keyboard, and it is the smallest musical interval in music. A whole step is the distance equal to two half steps. Use the following major scale formula to build the major
Relative Minor Scales Each major key has a relative minor key. The sixth note of each major scale is the root note of the relative minor scale. For example, the notes of C major scale are: C D E F G A B C The sixth note of C major scale is A. A is
Harmonic Minor Scale The harmonic minor scale raises the 7th note of the natural minor scale by a half step and has the following scale formula: W – H – W – W – H – W+H – H A Harmonic Minor Scale: A | B | C | D | E | F | G♯ | A E
List of all Natural Minor Scales There are 12 natural minor scales. Natural minor scale with no sharp or flat: A Minor Scale: A – B – C – D – E – F – G – A Natural minor scales with sharps: E Minor Scale: E – F♯ – G – A – B –
List of all Major Scales Major scale with no sharp or flat: C Major Scale: C – D – E – F – G – A – B – C Major scales with sharps: G Major Scale: G – A – B – C – D – E – F♯ – G D Major Scale:
Musical Scales A scale is a set of pitches (or a group of notes) that are arranged and played by increasing pitch (ascending) or decreasing pitch (descending) order. Musical Scales and Emotions There are many different types of musical scales. The major scales and the minor scales are the two most commonly used musical scales.
Double Sharps and Double Flats A Double Sharp is an accidental used to raise a note by a whole step (two half steps). A Double Flat is an accidental used to lower a note by a whole step. To raise a note by a whole step means moving two half steps to the right to