Sharps and Flats – Steps and Accidentals

Accidentals Accidentals are signs used to raise or lower notes by half steps. Steps – Half Step A half step is the distance between two adjacent keys on a piano keyboard. In music theory, the distance between two notes is called an interval. A half step is the smallest musical interval in music. (It is called a semitone in British […]

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Dots and Ties

Dotted Notes Dotted notes are notes with a small dot on the right side. When a dot is added on the right side of a note (or rest), its original duration is increased by half. Dotted Half Note Dotted half note A dotted half note is equal to the sum of a half note plus a quarter note (a quarter […]

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Rest Duration & The Different Rest Types

Rest Duration Rest duration is the timing of silence in a measure. It is the length of the pause in a piece of music. Different rest types are: whole rest, half rest, quarter rest, eighth rest, and sixteenth rest. Each rest type tells you to pause or stop playing for a different amount of time. Whole Rest (Semibreve Rest) A […]

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Measures and Time Signature

Tempo Tempo is defined as the speed of a song. It is measured in beats per minute. A very fast temple has about 200 – 208 beats per minute. A moderate speed tempo has about 108-120 beats per minute. Very slow tempo has 40 – 60 beats per minute. Measures (Bars) In music theory, these beats are grouped into bars […]

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Note Duration & The Different Note Types

Note Duration Note duration is defined as the length of time to hold the note. There are different note types to indicate the different note durations. Whole Note (Semibreve) A whole note (American English) or semibreve (British English) is a note type that has the longest note duration. Half Note (Minim) A half note (American English) of minim (British English) […]

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The staff, clefs & the middle C

You already know the musical note names on a piano keyboard, this lesson teaches you how to read and write music. The Staff The musical staff is made up of 5 horizontal lines. Musical notes and symbols are written on the lines and in the spaces. Notes placed on the lines are called line notes. Space notes are notes placed […]

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Musical note sounds, pitches & their frequency

Musical notes are sounds that travel as sound waves. How frequently one of the waves travels to your ear per second determines how high or low a sound is. The higher the frequency, the higher it sounds. So, what is the frequency of each musical note? A musical note that is one octave higher has twice the frequencies. For example, […]

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