Key Signatures

Sharp key signatures

The clef is the first symbol on the staff. After the clef, there is the key signature. Key Signatures The key signatures are the sharps or flats found in a particular key of a music scale. For example, the key of G major scale [G – A – B – C – D – E – F♯ – G] has one […]

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How to build a Natural Minor Scale?

how to build natural minor scales

There are three kinds of minor scales: Natural Minor, Harmonic Minor, and Melodic Minor scales. How to build a Natural Minor Scale? The natural minor scale has the following scale formula: W – H – W – W – H – W – W (A half step (H) is the distance between two adjacent keys on a piano keyboard, and […]

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How to build a Major Scale?

how to build a major scale

Here we will learn how to build major scales. Remember, a half step (H) is the distance between two adjacent keys on a piano keyboard, and it is the smallest musical interval in music. A whole step is the distance equal to two half steps. Use the following major scale formula to build the major scales: W – W – […]

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Relative Minor Scales

circle of fifths chart

Relative Minor Scales Each major key has a relative minor key. The sixth note of each major scale is the root note of the relative minor scale. For example, the notes of C major scale are: C D E F G A B C The sixth note of C major scale is A. A is the root note of A […]

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Minor Scales – Harmonic Minor and Melodic Minor Scales

Harmonic Minor Scale The harmonic minor scale raises the 7th note of the natural minor scale by a half step and has the following scale formula: W – H – W – W – H – W+H – H A Harmonic Minor Scale: A | B | C | D | E | F | G♯ | A E Harmonic Minor Scale: E | F♯ | G | A | B | C | D♯ | E B Harmonic Minor Scale: B | C♯ | D | E | F♯ | G | A♯ | B F Sharp Harmonic Minor Scale: F♯ | G♯ | A | B | C♯ | D | E♯ | F♯ C Sharp Harmonic Minor Scale: C♯ | D♯ | E | F♯ | G♯ | A | B♯ | C♯ D Harmonic Minor Scale: D | E | F | G | A | B♭ | C♯ | D G Harmonic Minor Scale: G | A | B♭ | C | D | E♭ | F♯ | G C Harmonic Minor Scale: C | D | E♭ | F | G | A♭ | B | C F Harmonic Minor Scale: F | G | A♭ | B♭ | C | D♭ | E | F A Flat Harmonic Minor Scale / G Sharp Harmonic Minor Scale: A♭ | B♭ | C♭ | D♭ | E♭ | F♭ | G | A♭ / G♯ | A♯ | B | C♯ | D♯ | E | F♯♯ | G♯ E Flat Harmonic Minor Scale / D Sharp Harmonic Minor Scale: E♭ | F | G♭ | A♭ | B♭ | C♭ | D | E♭/ D♯ | E♯ | F♯ | G♯ | A♯ | B | C♯♯ | D♯ B Flat Harmonic Minor Scale / A Sharp Harmonic Minor Scale: B♭ | C | D♭ | E♭ | F | G♭ | A | B♭ / A♯ | B♯ | C♯ | D♯ | E♯ | F♯ | G♯♯ | A♯ Melodic […]

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Musical Scales – Major / Minor / Blues / Pentatonic / Chromatic And Whole Tone Scales

Musical Scales A scale is a set of pitches (or a group of notes) that are arranged and played by increasing pitch (ascending) or decreasing pitch (descending) order. Musical Scales and Emotions There are many different types of musical scales. The major scales and the minor scales are the two most commonly used musical scales. Different scales may evoke certain emotions or moods. For example, the major scales feel happy and bright. Music in the major keys have an excited and cheerful sound. The minor scales, on the other hand, feel sad and have a dark and serious atmosphere. Piano chords are formed from musical scales. It’s ideal that you understand how to construct major and minor scales before learning to build piano chords. We will discuss more about piano chords, triads and seventh chords. Below are some of the less common musical scales on piano: The Blues Scales The blues scale on piano consists of six notes: The root, flat 3rd, 4th, flat 5th, 5th and flat 7th notes of the major scale. There are twelve blues scales: C, C♯, D, E♭, E, F, F♯, G, A♭, A, B♭, B: C blues scale: C – E♭ – F – G♭ – G – B♭ – C C♯ blues scale: C♯ – E – F♯ – G – G♯ – B – C♯ D blues scale: D – F – G – A♭- A – C – D E♭ blues scale: E♭- G♭- A♭- […]

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Double Sharps and Double Flats

Double Sharps and Double Flats A Double Sharp is an accidental used to raise a note by a whole step (two half steps). A Double Flat is an accidental used to lower a note by a whole step. To raise a note by a whole step means moving two half steps to the right to the next adjacent key on […]

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