Music Theory Lessons

The Basics The Piano Keyboard Musical Note Names The Middle C Note The Staff Treble Clef (G-clef) Bass Clef (F-clef) The Grand Staff Note Duration Rest Duration Measures Time Signature Dotted Notes Tied Notes Accidentals Half Step & Whole Step Sharps & Flats Double Sharps & Double Flats Enharmonic Notes Key Signatures Relative Minor Scales The Circle of Fifths Chart Enharmonic Scales Music Interval Interval Inversion Musical Scales How to build a major scale? How to build a natural minor scale? Harmonic Minor Melodic Minor Blues Scales Pentatonic Scales Chromatic Scale Whole Tone Scales Musical Chords Triads Seventh Chords Major Scale Diatonic Chords Minor Scale Diatonic Chords Advertisements

Read More →

Minor Scale Diatonic Chords

a minor diatonic chords

How to form minor scale diatonic chords? Example: A Natural Minor Diatonic Chords A – B – C – D – E – F – G – A are the notes of the A minor scale. Diatonic chords are formed by stacking two generic third notes above each scale note. A Minor Diatonic Chords These are the seven minor scale […]

Read More →

Major Scale Diatonic Chords

how to form c major diatonic chords gif

Diatonic Chords Every major / minor key has seven diatonic chords. These diatonic chords are the musical chords formed from using the notes of that particular scale key. Major Scale Diatonic Chords Major Scale Diatonic Chords are formed from major scales, and minor scale diatonic chords are formed from minor scales. The purpose of the diatonic chords is to create […]

Read More →

What is a Music Chord & How to Build Triads & Seventh Chords?

Music Chords A music chord is a group of three of more notes played together to form one harmonic sound. Triads and Seventh Chords A triad (or tonic triad) is a chord having three notes: a root, third, and fifth notes.  The most commonly used triads are: major triad, minor triad, augmented triad and diminished triad. A seventh chord is a chord having four notes: a root, third, fifth, and seventh notes.  The most commonly used seventh chords are: major seventh chord, minor seventh chord, dominant seventh chord, half-diminished seventh chord and diminished seventh chord. The Major Triads (Major Chords) Major triads (also referred to as major chords) are constructed with the root, third (The third note of the major scale is a major third from the root.) and fifth (The fifth note of the major scale is a perfect fifth from the root.) notes of the major scales. Example: C major chord C is the root note. C – D – E – F – G – A – B – C  are the notes of the C major scale. The C major chord is made of the root, third and fifth notes of the C major scale. C – E – G are the notes of C major chord. Major chords in different keys: C major chord: C – E – G C Sharp major chord: C♯ – E♯ – G♯ D Flat major chord: D♭ – F – A♭ D major chord: D – F♯ – A E Flat […]

Read More →

Definition of Interval Inversion in Music

Interval Inversion To invert an interval means moving the lowest note an octave higher. The higher note becomes the lower and the lower note becomes the higher. Example: Let’s invert the interval: Diminished fifth: B – F The inversion is: Augmented forth: F – B When an interval is inverted: major intervals invert to minor intervals and minor intervals invert to major. (Major <-> Minor) perfect intervals invert to perfect. (Perfect <->Perfect) augmented intervals invert to diminished intervals and diminished intervals invert to augmented. (Augmented <->Diminished) the new interval is 9 minus the old interval Triad Inversion The lowest note is called the bass note. Triad inversion is moving the bass note an octave higher. First inversion First inversion means moving the root note an octave higher. The third note of the chord now becomes the bass note. Second inversion Second inversion moves the third note (bass note) an octave higher. The fifth note of the chord now becomes the bass note. Seventh Chord Inversion Same as triad inversion, the lowest note is called the bass note. First inversion First inversion moves the root note an octave higher. The third note of the chord becomes the bass note in first inversion. Second inversion Second inversion moves the third note (bass note) an octave higher. The fifth note of the chord now becomes the bass note in second inversion. Third inversion Third inversion moves the fifth note (bass note) an octave […]

Read More →

What is an interval in music theory?

generic interval or simple interval

Music Intervals An interval is the distance between two musical notes. When learning to write music intervals, you need to know the two kinds of intervals: Generic intervals and Specific Intervals Generic Intervals (Simple Intervals) Generic intervals (or simple intervals) are the distance between two notes measured on the staff: first (prime) | second | third | fourth | fifth […]

Read More →

The Circle of Fifths Chart

circle of fifths chart

The Circle of Fifths Chart The circle of fifths is a chart that summarizes the relationship between major and minor scales and displays all the key signatures into one easy to understand diagram. The outside are the major keys in uppercase letters. Each major key is associated with a relative minor key in lowercase letters. Both share the same corresponding […]

Read More →